Expert Care for Total and Partial Joint Replacements
With people living longer and wanting to continue moving freely, millions are turning to joint replacement surgery to help them get back to an active, pain-free life.
Mercy Health orthopaedic surgeons routinely perform joint replacements when symptoms are not relieved with other treatments. Recent improvements in implants, as well as new pain control techniques, have resulted in less complications and faster recovery.
Joint replacement surgery removes arthritic or damaged joints and replaces them with a prosthetic device. Most patients have a 1-3 day hospital stay after their procedure, followed by 8-12 weeks of physical therapy. Learn more about our Rehabilitation Programs.
One of the most common types of orthopaedic surgery is knee replacement – more than 600,000 Americans have the procedure each year.
There are three main types of knee replacement surgery, depending on the severity of the condition:
- Partial knee resurfacing – Using the latest technology available, MAKOplasty®, surgeons can treat osteoarthritis of the knee using 3D computer mapping and an interactive robotic arm system to remove only the diseased portion of the joint. Learn more about our Latest Treatment Innovations.
- Partial knee replacement – For patients with arthritis only affecting one part of the joint, a partial joint replacement may be an option, resulting in a quicker recovery. To be considered for this type of procedure, patients must have strong, healthy ligaments in their joints.
- Total knee replacement – This procedure involves replacing the entire joint surface including the end of the thigh bone (femur), the top of the shin bone (tibia) and in some cases the surface of the kneecap (patella).
Another common type of orthopaedic surgery is hip replacement. Nearly 500,000 Americans have hip replacement surgery each year and that number continues to grow.
There are three main types of hip replacement surgery, depending on the severity of the condition:
- Hip resurfacing – The femoral head (the ball) is maintained, trimmed and capped with a metal covering and the damaged bone and cartilage in the socket is removed and replaced with a metal shell.
- Partial hip replacement – Typically used to treat injuries and not degenerative disease, only the femoral head (the ball) of the damaged hip joint is replaced, not the socket.
- Total hip replacement – This procedure involves replacing the entire joint surface, including the top of the thigh bone (femur) and the ball. Using the latest technology available, MAKOplasty®, surgeons use 3D computer mapping and an interactive robotic arm system for optimal placement of the implant. Learn more about our Latest Treatment Innovations.
Although much less common than hip and knee replacements, shoulder replacements are just as effective in treating several conditions that cause shoulder pain and disability – such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, rotator cuff tear arthropathy and severe fractures.
There are four types of shoulder replacement surgery:
- Shoulder resurfacing – In this procedure, a metal cap is fitted over the ball part of the joint without a stem being inserted into the bone.
- Partial shoulder replacement – In this procedure, only the ball part of the joint is replaced with a stem that inserts into the bone.
- Total shoulder replacement – Both the head of the humerus (ball) and socket (glenoid) are removed and replaced.
- Reverse total shoulder replacement – Primarily for patients with irreparable rotator cuff injuries or severe arthritis, this unique procedure switches the socket and metal ball, meaning a metal ball attaches to the shoulder bone and a plastic socket is attached to the upper arm bone. This enables use of the deltoid muscle instead of the damaged rotator cuff.
Compared to other joints, ankle replacement is the least common because arthritis in this joint is rare. This surgery is often an alternative to ankle fusion, which locks the joint in a fixed position and does not permit ankle motion.
In an ankle replacement procedure, surgeons will remove the diseased cartilage and bone and replace it with an implant. The procedure provides pain relief from arthritis while retaining ankle motion.