Disorders that affect sleep
We diagnose and treat all major sleep disorders in adults, including the following:
Snoring and sleep apnea
Loud snoring can be annoying, but it may also signal a serious medical condition called sleep apnea — a condition in which breathing stops repeatedly throughout the night. Left untreated, sleep apnea can contribute to excessive daytime sleepiness and trigger high blood pressure, heart failure and stroke.
- It affects both men and women and 7¬–12% of adults
- It causes restless, non-restorative sleep
- The short-term consequences include morning headaches, daytime fatigue and sleepiness, irritability, moodiness and difficulty with attention and concentration
- The long-term consequences include weight gain, high blood pressure, congestive heart failure, stroke, diabetes and sexual dysfunction
Everyone has an occasional night of bad sleep due to life's stresses. But when insomnia lasts for more than a month, it may be time to seek professional help. Insomnia can be brought on by stress, depression, medications, irregular sleep schedules and physical illness. Persistent insomnia can leave you feeling tired and irritable, and the worry you experience about your sleep disorder may only make things worse.
- Insomnia refers to difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep throughout the night
- Acute Insomnia is brief and generally the result of specific life stressors
- Chronic Insomnia lasts greater than three months and occurs on at least three nights per week
- Sleeping medications can help, but long-term use in not recommended
- Behavioral and psychological treatments are highly effective and in many ways safer and superior to sleeping pills
Periodic leg movements
Involuntary leg twitching, cramping and discomfort can disrupt your sleep, leaving you tired and sleepy during the day.
- Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) is a related disorder
- RLS is characterized by an overwhelming urge to move the legs when they are at rest, which is typically in response to unpleasant leg sensations
- RLS affects many more people than initially suspected, as much as 10% of the adult population
- RLS can cause extreme difficulty falling asleep, or repeated awakenings during the night
Narcolepsy is a neurological condition characterized by daytime sleep attacks, excessive sleepiness and lack of energy. If you have this disorder, you may also find that your muscles weaken when you are angry, surprised or amused. Other symptoms may include vivid, disturbing dreams or muscle paralysis as you are falling asleep at night or awakening in the morning. Narcolepsy is rare, but creates extreme hardship for its sufferers.