Causes of vomiting
Vomiting can be caused by a number of conditions, including:
- Viral stomach infections
- Motion sickness disorder
- Morning sickness while pregnant
- GI disorders
Risk factors for vomiting
Risk factors for vomiting are related to the causes, having any of the above conditions put you at greater risk for vomiting.
Symptoms of vomiting
The main signs of vomiting are physical expulsion of food and liquid through the esophagus or dry heaving (act of throwing up with nothing coming up).
Other symptoms that could occur with vomiting include:
- Abdominal pain
Diagnosis of vomiting
Vomiting is not a disease but a symptom of an underlying condition. Your primary care doctor will evaluate all your symptoms together to determine what condition you have and how to treat it.
Treatment for vomiting
Many patients can self-treat during an episode of vomiting. Treatment options include:
- Eat smaller meals, more often
- Drink water or clear fluids in small sips
- Avoid taking oral medication that could upset the stomach
- Avoid solid food if you have trouble keeping it down
When self-treatment is not effective, your primary care doctor may prescribe medication that can control nausea or vomiting.