Cystometrogram

Cystometrogram is a test to measure bladder function by looking at how it fills and empties. It measures details like how much your bladder holds, the amount of pressure in your bladder and how full you think your bladder is. The procedure involves inserting a pressure sensor into your bladder through your urinary opening. The test can help doctors diagnose problems including frequent urination, inability to hold your urine or feeling like you can’t urinate. Doctors may also use this test for people with neurological diseases and spinal cord injuries.

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Cystoscopy

A cystoscopy, also called bladder scope, is an endoscopic procedure to examine the bladder and urethra. Doctors perform a cystoscopy by inserting a special camera into the urethra, the tube urine comes out of. They are typically performed to diagnose urinary tract diseases, bladder cancer or to determine pain in the urinary tract. If doctors find anything suspicious, they can take a sample to look at under a microscope. Cystoscopies are typically performed at  the doctor's office with a local anesthetic, but may be performed as an outpatient procedure under sedation.

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Dialysis

Dialysis is a treatment that filters your blood, taking over the function of the kidneys. Kidneys filter waste from the body and maintain levels of chemicals like sodium and potassium. Dialysis is recommended for patients with chronic kidney disease or in end stage kidney failure. Dialysis can be occur at home, in an outpatient facility or at the hospital.

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Inflatable Artificial Sphincter

An inflatable artificial sphincter is used to treat urine leakage in men. Urine leakage is most common in men who have had surgery on their prostate. An artificial sphincter is a rubber cuff that is put below the exit to the bladder, around the urine tube. When the cuff is inflated, urine won’t leak out. When it’s time to urinate, the cuff can be deflated with a control pump that is put in your scrotum.

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Laser Ablation

Laser ablation is a surgery for prostate cancer, in which a surgeon uses laser heat to kill cancer cells that live in the prostate. During laser ablation, a small tool is inserted into the tip of the penis so the laser can reach the cancer cells. It is typically performed as an outpatient procedure and is minimally invasive.

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MonaLisa Touch Laser Therapy

MonaLisa Touch Laser Therapy is a treatment used to treat vaginal symptoms women may experience after menopause. During the procedure, a probe is inserted into the vagina and utilizes painless, mild laser energy to improve blood flow. MonaLisa Touch Laser Therapy can improve vaginal dryness and discomfort by improving moisture levels. The procedure is fairly simple and can usually be done in the doctor’s office.

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Pelvic Exam

A pelvic exam is a procedure done at the doctor’s office to examine reproductive organs. It can be part of a normal check-up, or can be done if you’re having symptoms in your pelvis. During the pelvic exam, the doctor will examine both the outside and the inside of the pelvis. To examine the inside, the doctor may insert a gloved finger or speculum into the vagina to see the cervix and perform a pap smear.

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Pelvic Sling

A pelvic sling (bladder sling) is a surgery that can treat urine leakage in women, typically from straining, laughing or sneezing. In this procedure, the surgeon will place a sling made synthetic mesh, tissue, or animal tissue.The sling supports the urethra, the tube that transports urine from the bladder out, and keeps it closed during activity.

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Penile Implant

A penile implant is a prosthetic device surgically placed into the penis to help men who have erectile dysfunction (ED). ED is a condition where a man can’t get or maintain an erection. There are two types of implants: semi-rigid and inflatable, and there are pros and cons to both. A penile implant is typically used when erectile dysfunction does not resolve naturally or with medication.

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Percutaneous Embolization

Percutaneous embolization is a type of surgery used to treat a varicocele. In this procedure, the surgeon inserts a wire into a vein in the leg. The wire is snaked through the vessels into the collection of veins in the scrotum. The surgeon then uses the wire to pack the veins with solid and/or liquid substances (embolic agents) to fix the varicocele.

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Plication Surgery

Plication surgery is used to correct the bend of the penis caused by Peyronie's disease. During plication, a surgeon opens up the skin on the penis and cuts away some of the tissue on the long side of the curve. Surgery will straighten the penis, but as a result, the penis may become shorter after the surgery. There is a low risk of the curve coming back after this surgery.

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Prostate Biopsy

A prostate biopsy is a diagnostic procedure that is used to diagnose prostate cancer. During a prostate biopsy, your doctor will remove a small sample of abnormal tissue from the prostate and send to a laboratory for testing.

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Prostatectomy

A prostatectomy is a surgery where some or all of the prostate is removed. A prostatectomy is typically recommended if you have urinary issues from your prostate being too large or prostate cancer. There are a few approaches to a prostatectomy, but they all involve making one or more incisions on the lower abdomen.

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Pyeloplasty

Pyeloplasty is a surgical reconstruction or revision of ureteropelvic junction (UPJ), where the kidney meets the ureter. This is done when there is a blockage causing urine to back up into the kidney. In this procedure, a surgeon will make an incision in the abdomen or side, remove the blockage and reattach the urine tube to the kidney.

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Surgical Bladder Suspension

Surgical bladder suspension is a process used to treat urine leakage in women. The surgery helps move the bladder back into a normal position. The bladder may have moved due to childbirth, menopause, or previous surgery, causing urine leakage with laughing or coughing. There are different types of surgery for this condition depending on the cause and severity.

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Transurethral Incision of the Prostate (TUIP)

A transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP) is a surgical procedure used to treat benign prostatic hyperlasia. During the procedure, a surgeon inserts a tool into the tip of the penis and makes a small cut where the prostate meets the bladder to relieve pressure and allow urine to pass through more easily.

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Transurethral Microwave Thermotherapy (TUMT)

Transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT) is a procedure that treats urinary symptoms in men caused by an enlarged prostate. During the procedure, a surgeon inserts a microwave antenna into the tip of the penis until it reaches the enlarged tissue. The energy emitted from the microwave antenna heats and kills the excess tissue. The removal of the excess prostate tissue reduces the blockage and relieves symptoms. TUMT usually takes place in the doctor’s office or outpatient setting and does not require an overnight stay. 

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Transurethral Needle Ablation of the Prostate (TUNA)

Transurethral needle ablation of the prostate (TUNA) is a procedure that treats urinary symptoms in men caused by an enlarged prostate. During the procedure, a surgeon inserts a tool into the tip of the penis to guide a pair of tiny needles into the prostate tissue causing the symptoms. Radio waves are emitted from the needles into the tissue generating heat causing the prostate to shrink and improving the symptoms. TUNA is a minimally-invasive procedure, typically done in an office or outpatient facility.

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Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP)

Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is a surgical procedure performed to relieve urinary problems in men caused by an enlarged prostate. During the surgery, a doctor inserts a device through the tip of your penis and up the urethra. The doctor will remove the excess prostate tissue causing the blockage. TURP is typically recommended for men whose enlarged prostates have not responded to other medical treatments.

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Urethral Bulking Injection

A urethral bulking injection is a procedure that can help treat bladder leakage. A doctor injects a material, such as collagen, into the tissue around the urethra to thicken the tissue walls, making it easier to hold urine. The procedure is most commonly done in women. You can see immediate results from these injections, however, urethral bulking eventually wears off and the procedure may need to be repeated.

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Urinalysis

A urinalysis is a lab test done on urine that can give doctors information about common health conditions. During this test, you provide a sample of your urine in a sterile cup that is then examined by a doctor. A urinalysis consists of three parts: a visual inspection, a chemical analysis and evaluation under a microscope. A urinalysis is often part of routine lab work to assess your health. It's helpful in diagnosing infections, diabetes and kidney conditions.

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Vaginal Pessary

A vaginal pessary is a device that's inserted into the vagina to help manage incontinence — a lack of control over urination. It can also provide relief if the bladder, rectum or uterus bulges into the vagina. It is an alternative to surgery which is often needed with these conditions. Different types are used for varying degrees of severity of the condition. Some are inserted by a doctor, while others can be inserted by the patient.

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