Stroke Prevention

Stroke is largely preventable

Here’s the good news: 80% of all strokes are preventable. But it starts with managing key risk factors, including high blood pressure, smoking, atrial fibrillation and physical inactivity. More than half of all strokes are caused by uncontrolled hypertension or high blood pressure, making it the most important risk factor to keep top of mind.

Medical treatments may be used to control high blood pressure and/or manage atrial fibrillation among high-risk patients. Those medicines include:

Anticoagulants/antiplatelets

Warfarin and aspirin interfere with the blood’s ability to clot and can play an important role in preventing stroke. Talk to your doctor about what’s right for you.

Antihypertensives

Medicines that treat high blood pressure by opening the blood vessels and decreasing blood volume or decreasing heart contractions. 

Additionally, when arteries show plaque buildup or blockage, medical procedures like these may be needed:

Carotid endarterectomy

Also called carotid artery surgery, this is a procedure in which blood vessel blockage (fatty plaque) is surgically removed from the carotid artery.

Angioplasty/Stents

Doctors sometimes use balloon angioplasty and implantable steel screens called stents to treat cardiovascular disease and help open up the blocked blood vessel.