Interventional Radiologists at Mercy Health Hospitals Can Diagnose and Treat PAVM, a Rare Cardiovascular Condition

Mercy Health - Cincinnati, which provides advanced, quality care with compassion in your neighborhood through its care network, announces that interventional radiologists at Mercy Health – Fairfield and West Hospitals and The Jewish Hospital – Mercy Health can diagnose patients with pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVM) and treat them at the same hospital.


PAVM is a rare cardiovascular condition in which arteries and veins in the lungs form abnormal connections, creating a false channel that causes increased blood flow through the area. The severity of the PAVM depends on the size and number of blood vessels involved and PAVM can lead to stroke, as blood clots that normally travel to the lungs and break down travel to the brain instead. PAVM can also lead to heart failure and serious infections.


Most patients experience no symptoms and learn they have PAVM when undergoing a routine test, such as a CT scan. Interventional radiologists at Fairfield and West Hospitals and The Jewish Hospital can both diagnose and treat PAVMs immediately, ensuring the patient doesn’t have to transfer to another location for treatment.


“The standard treatment is embolization,” says Paul Dorio, MD, an interventional radiologist with Paradigm Radiology who practices at Mercy Health - West Hospital, who recently diagnosed and treated a patient with a serious PAVM.


"Following diagnosis, and after consultation with the patient, we scheduled the procedure to be performed in the interventional radiology suite. Using X-ray guidance, we inserted a catheter in the femoral artery and guided it to the artery feeding the PAVM. We introduced small metal coils into the feeding artery, effectively closing the false channel. Once the PAVM is blocked off and blood no longer reaches it, the wall of the vessel shrinks and shuts down, with no further risk of stroke to the patient,” he adds.